Itineraries for tourists that have an accomodation in Rome
It’s fun to wander around a city that you don’t know, however there is the risk of going around in circles, this is the reason why we’ve thought of describing some “theme route” for tourists.
MONUMENTS AND ARCHEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS
Hours: 9:00-3:30 (winter season) – 9:00-7:00 (summer season) – holidays and Wednesday 9:00-1:00
Located on marshy land between the Esquiline and Caelian Hills, we find the Flavian Amphitheater, communally nominated as the “Coliseum” for its colossal dimension. It is the largest Roman monument, the most severe considering the pureness of style. It was begun by the Vespasian emperor who had arranged the for the construction where the lake of the Domus Aurea was found, and was later terminated by Titus.
In the year 80 A.D the Coliseum was inaugurated with a celebration in Rome, which lasted 100 days, during this period 5,000 beasts and many gladiators lost their life. Domitian completed the Coliseum, building the last floor.
During the centuries it has endured numerous damages: an earthquakes during the Middles Ages, and in the 15th Century it became an actual cave where material was extracted for the construction and restoration of numerous buildings. In the middle of the 1700’s, Pope Benedict the 14th was able to stop the excavations in the middle of the 1700’s, naming the Coliseum as a place where many people sacrificed the lives.
Index of the Turism in Rome
Piazza della Rotonda
One of the most magnificent structures of Ancient Rome and which has been perfectly conserved. Commissioned by Agrippa in 27a.c., the son-in-law of the Emperor Augustus, who first built this temple dedicated "to all the gods". It is particular for its circular perimeter and Greek style temple, and was restored by the Emperor Hadrian, who rebuilt the monument, erecting the dome, which was one of the highest examples of constructive techniques used by the Romans. It was consecrated to the Madonna in 609 by the Pope Bonifacio IV, and is where the first two kings and the first queen of Italy are buried.
The Roman Forum
Via dei Fori Imperiali
Hours: from 9am until
1 hour before sunset – Sunday 9:00-1:00 – July-September 9:00-6:00
The Valley of the Roman Forum was originally a marshy swamp, which extends to the feet of the Quirinale, Viminale, Palatine e Capitoline Hills. Even since the beginning of the city it is was a vital centre, where political and economical encounters were held, as well as public and religious ceremonies. With the passing of time some of the most important building of the city were built right in this area, where you can still admire the Curia, where the senate reunited, and which has since been transformed into a medieval church. There is also the Temple of Dioscuri, the Basilica Julia, where justice was administered, the arches of triumph in memory to Titus and Settimio Severo, the Vestali House where the sacred fire is held, the magnificent Massenzio Basilica, the temples of Venus and Rome (commissioned by the emperor, Adriano), and lastly there are the overwhelming ruins on the Palatine of the Imperial Palace (commissioned by Domiziano). Also, don’t miss the ruins of a village from the Age of Iron, which tradition attributes to the “Capanna di Romolo”.Traiana’s Column
Dedicated to the Trajan’s victory during the Dacian War and consists of 18 blocks of marble with a 200mt. spiral frieze decorated with 2500 figures narrating the prominence of the expedition. Refined sculptures and close to classic dictatorships, it was rich with colours, of which few traces remain.
It was extracted between 180 and 196 to celebrate the triumph of Marco Aurelio on the Marcomanni, the Quadi and the Sarmati, popular barbarians who threatened Rome on the Danubio front. It is almost 30mts. tall and is formed by 28 blocks of marble, an internal staircase of 190 steps brings you to the peak, where the statue of the emperor originally was. The spiral winds found at the base of the column and with their symbolic figures makes it one of the first examples from the end of the classic conception of roman sculpture.
THE ARCH OF COSTANTINE
It is found alongside the Coliseum, and it is the biggest and most well-kept of the ancient arches of triumph. The Arch of Costantine was built in 1315 and was dedicated from the Senate and from the people of Rome to the victor of Massenzio during the Ponte Milvian Battle. Many decorative elements originate from preceding monuments, primarily from Traiano, Adriano, Marco Aurelio e Domiziano.AUTHORISED VISITS
Some Roman monuments ask that you request for written permission to tour the monument and that you reserve the visits in advance, this particularly regards archaeological areas, which at times may be closed for excavation. In order to make this request you can write to:
tel. 06-67103064 06-67103118.
You can speed up the process by delivering the request in person to the “ufficio protocollo” (third floor). After having received the permit you can reserve your visit by calling directly to:
Ufficio monumenti antichi
e scavi, Via del Portico d’Ottavia 21
06-67103819 06-67102077 06-67102475
Office of ancient monuments and excavations, Via del Portico d’Ottavia 21
Tel. 06-67103819 06-67102077 06-67102475
The number of churches, chapels and other parson structures in Rome is enormous. It couldn’t have been different within a city that for centuries has been the capital of Christianity. Many are private, found within houses and buildings and many others are closed all year, with the exception of certain liturgical holidays. Nevertheless, the major ones are always open in order to welcome yearly pilgrims, tourists and religious followers who come from all over the world. The most significant in size, the four basilicas, were founded by the emperor Costantino after the announcement which had liberated the Christian religious group. Many trace back to the first centuries of Christianity and were built on the Catacombs, like Saint Sebastian’s Basilica and that of Saint Pancrazio, or on the houses of Romans already converted to Christianity, just as SS. Giovanni and Paul, Saint Prudenziana, Saint Prisca, or others in the places where the first martyrs were tormented.SAINT PETER’S BASILICA
It was desired by the emperor Costantine, in the place of the valvary at Saint Peter’s, where you can find his burial ground, it was completed It was restored in the 16th century, and at the head of this restoration were great artists such as Bramante, Raffaello, Giuliano e Antonio da Sangallo, Baldassarre Peruzzi and even Michelangelo, to whom is given the magnificent work of the dome. In the 1600’s the architect, Maderno designed the centre terrace and projected the present façade. The magnificent oval-shaped piazza extends of 240 meters and is bordered by Bernini’s 248 columns, along with 88 obelisks. Internally, between 5 terraces and the many statues dedicated to the late popes, we can remember the bronze statue of Saint Peter’s and the magnificent Pietà that Michelangelo sculpted at only 25 years old. At the centre of the church, under the immense dome, we find the placement of the bronze statues, Canopy, Bernini’s masterpiece. Don’t forget the long walk to the top, although it may be tiring, you will get an unbelievable view of Rome.
Measurements of Vatican Basilica, from centre door to the cathedral, mt. 185x37; Saint Paul’s of London, mt. 157x20; Saint Maria of the flower in Florence, mt. 148x12; the Dome of Milan, mt. 134x17; the Cathedral of Cologne, mt. 132; Saint Petronio in Bologna, mt. 131x73; Saint Paul’s in Rome, mt. 126x64; Saint Sofia in Constantinople, mt. 108x93. According to the facts written in the “Unità Cattolica” on October 4 1864, Saint Peter’s Basilica holds 54,000 people. The comparison to other large churches is as follows: the Dome of Milan, 37,000; Saint Paul’s in Rome, 25,000; Saint Sofia in Constantinople, 23,000; Cathedral of Paris 21,000; the Dome of Florence, 20,000; Cathedral of Pisa, 13,000; Saint Marco in Venice, 7,000. It is considered, however, that Saint Peter’s Basilica can hold more than the number indicated above, and that it can easily hold up to 60,000 people.BASILICA OF SAN GIOVANNI IN LATERANO
The Basilica, founded by Constantine, is included by a compound of monuments. One of which is the Palace of Laterano, who established the place where the government of the church gathered. In 1650, after various restorations, the pope, Innocenzo X commissioned the Borromini di radically restore the church internally, which still hold the five original balconies. The facade is the work of Alessandro Galilei and you can admire the Battistero from the 5th century, which is alongside the alter of the Basilica. This structure has been used as an architectural example of excellence.BASILICA OF SANTA MARIA MAGGIORE
On the summit of the Esquiline Hill, camps the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore founed by the pope Libero, where he had the dream that it was snowing in the summer. This event is celebrated every year in August. Along the walls of the central there are 36 mosaic windows of the Sisto III’s temple. During this period it we can also see the noted mosaics on the Arch of Triumph, representing Jesus’ life. Recent restorations allow us harmonious works of the architect Ferdinando Fuga from the middle of the 18th century. Once you are outside of the church don’t forget to admire the staircase alongside the Basilica.SAINT COSTANZA AND SAINT AGNESE
Emerging during the beginning of the fourth century, as mausoleum of Constantine’s daughters, Costanza and Elena. It was transformed into a church in 1254 and carries, above-all an articulate part of Roman architecture. The “ambulacro” is covered by a dome, where you can see magnificent mosaics from the fourth century. Not far away we can see the Sant’Agnese church outside of the walls, which were built on the catacombs, where the Saint’s remains are contained. Internally you will find three balconies, and the ceiling decorated with elegant wooden notches. A visit to the catacombs, which date back from the second to the fourth century, would be advisable and interesting.
Constructed before 385 and dedicated to San Clamente, the third pope after Saint Peter. The compound consists of two different churches. The higher church is from the 12th century, you can internally find a precious surrounding wall, where the “Schola Cantorum” is engraved. On the alter you will see a magnificent mosaic with the “Trionfo della Croce”. In particular, you can find the frescoes of Masolino of Panicale (around 1431), which deeply decorate the walls of the chapel, only discovered in 1861. The lower Basilica holds numerous frescoes from the 9th and 12th century.SANTA MARIA IN COSMEDIN AND THE “BOCCA DELLA VERITA’”
Built in the sixth century on top of the remains of a big roman hall from the first century, which was later modified and destroyed. It is set alongside a bell which is tall seven floors. Internally you can admire the pavement from the 13th century, with “cosmatesca” rich decorations. In the back door you will find the “Bocca della Verità”, ancient settings in stone. The legend tells us that whoever puts their hand in the mouth while telling a lie will have it bitten off.CATACOMBS – FROM HISTORIES UNDERWORLD
Another world exists under the surface of the Roman city, a mysterious underworld of Catacombs awaits. Excavated by the first Christians, in order to escape from the roman prosecutions, but above all to bury the dead (only some of these are still available today to visit). The slope going down to the catacombs is cold and tight and walls show a slight hint of frescoes. It seems like a jump back into the past, history which allows you to still hear the sounds of the left spirits.
SAN SEBASTIANO'S CATACOMBS
Via Appia Antica, 136
8:30-12/2:30-5:00 (winter) – 8:30-12/2:30-5:30 (summer). Closed Thursday
THE DOMITILLIA CATACOMBS
Via delle Sette Chiese, 283
8:00-12:00/2:30-5:00. Closed Tuesday
Via Appia Antica, 110
8:30-12:00/2:30-5:00 (winter) -8:30-12:00/2:30-6:00 (summer). Closed Wednesday
Via Nomentana, 349Entrance on the left side of the Basilica. Hours: 9:00-12:30/3:30-6:00 Closed in the mornings of all holidays (including Sunday).
Via Salaria Nuova, 430
(winter) -8:30-12:00/12:30-6:00 (summer). Closed Monday
Water, in the past a symbol of wealth, has never lacked in Rome. For centuries it has been carried by the magnificent roman aqueducts, even today the soul of small and large cities. Many are the fountains, some famous all over the world, but evenly known are the drinking fountains, kindly known as the “Nasone”, where on every corner tourists stop to refresh themselves on the hot summer days.
FOUNTAIN OF TREVI
The most monumental fountain of Rome, the great work of Nicola Salvi, who in 1751 finished the construction. It was the original fusion of architecture and sculpture, with natural elements, rock and water. Twenty meters wide and twenty-six meters tall, this structure dominates almost all of the small piazza, offering a unique sight to tourist able to admire the fountain from the promontory staircase. Rendered even more famous from the unforgettable scene of the swim in the fountain with Anita Eckberg and Marcello Mostroianni in the movie “La Dolce Vita”, by Fellini. The legend says that the tourist in love within the city tosses a coin in the fountain, this is the only way to be sure to one day come back to Rome.
In the centre of Piazza Barberini stands out the beautiful Triton Fountain built by Bernini in 1643. Four dolphins, symbol of immortality, bloom from the beneath the vase, holding up with its tail the coat of arms belonging to the Barberin family, while a triton blows upwards spurts of water.
FOUNTAIN OF RIVERS
Found in the centre of Piazza Navona, this Fountain of Rivers is one of the most beautiful and fully developed structures by Bernini. Innocenzo X liked the design of this fountain so much that the pope decided to revaluate his opinion of the artist. In a game of caves, cliffs and realistic animals emerges four characters who symbolize the four longest rivers in the world: the Nile, the Gange, the Danubio, the Rio and the Plata. It is currently the one fountain “most visited”, seeing that most people who sit along side are tourists and not Romans.
At the foot of the Trinità dei Monti staircase you can find the Fount of Barcaccia. Built by Bernini’s father in 1629, it represents a ship which is sinking in a short basin. The representation is inspired by numerous shacks from the near-by port of Ripetta, it is a reminder of a counter which portrays Piazza di Spagna as and ancient place of naval battles.
THE “TORTOISE” FOUNTAIN
We can admire at the centre of Piazza Costaguti the “Tortoise” Fountain, a great work of Giacomo della Porta (1584). Four agile characters in bronze holding in one hand a dolphin and in the other they are pushing a turtle in the higher bath. It is a composition of harmony and movement, a true jewel for the late Renaissance.
THE “NAVICELLA” FOUNTAIN
In the shape of a Roman ship and sculpted from marble, it sits upon a pedestal embellished with the name of the pope Leon X. Built in 1513, it is the inspiration of ex soldiers who lived near by of an ancient epoch period.
Right next to the central station, Termini, at the entrance of Via Nazione, and in the monumental arcardes of Piazza della Repubblica, you will find the Naiadi Fountain. It is presented with a large, circular bath ornate with bronze statues that represent the children who played with the naval monsters. Built in 1885 and is one of the most beautiful fountains in Rome.
UPPER MIDDLE AGES
Viale Lincoln 3 – tel. 06 5422811 (civilization and culture from the late IV-X). Hours: from Tues. to Sun. 9:00-7:30; holidays 9:00:2:00 .- Closed on Monday – Entrance: €2; free entrance under 18 yrs. old and above 65 yrs. old.
Via Merulana 248: tel. 06/4875077 (from prehistorical objects of art until today, from regions consisting of Iran to the far east). Hours: Mon., Wed., Fri. and Sat. From 8:30-2:00pm; Tues., Thurs., Sun. and holidays from 8:30-7:30pm. Closed on the first and third Monday of the month –Entrance fee: €4; free entrance under 18 yrs. old and above 65 yrs. old.
ART AND COMMON TRADITION
Piazza Marconi 8 – tel. 06 5926148 – www.popolari.arti.beniculturali.it (costumes, jewellery and a wide range of objects for common use). Hours: Tues. and Sun. 9:00-8:00pm, entrance until 7:30pm. Closed Mondays - Entrance fee: €4, €2 reduced; free entrance under 18 yrs. old and above 60 yrs. old.
Piazzale Scipione Borghese 5 – tel. 0632810 (ancient sculptures and paintings which are master pieces and sculpture dating back to the XVI-XVII centuries: Bernini, Botticelli, Antonello da Messina, Raffaello, Ghirlandaio, Lotto, Dossi, Veronese, Bellini, Caravaggio, Bassano, Correggio, Tiziano, Canova)- Hours: Tues.-Sun. 9:00-7:30pm – closed Mondays - Entrance fee: €8,50, 5,25 reduced; free entrance under 18 yrs. old and above 60 yrs. old.
SAINT ANGELO’S CASTEL
Lungotevere Castello,50 tel 06/39967600 (sculture, mobili, ceramiche, armi, ecc. di varia provenienza). Orari: da mar. a dom. 9-20. Ingresso: 5 euro.
Lungotevere Castello 50 – tel. 06 39967600 (sculptures, furnisher, ceramics, armour, etc. from various parts) – Hours: Tues.-Sun. 9:00-8:00pm: Entrance fee: € 5
MUSEUM OF ANTIQUE CARRAIGES
Via Andrea Millevoi 693 – tel. 06 51958112 – Various types of antique carriages from different nations found in one space of around 3,000 mq – Hours: everyday 10:00-1:00pm/3:00-7:00pm, Saturday and Sunday 9:30-1:30pm/3:30-7:30pm – closed Monday – Entrance fee: €5
NATIONAL ROMAN MUSEUM – CRYPTA BALBI
Via delle Botteghe Oscure 31 (building completed in the middle ages, in the area in which Roman epoch was beginning, here we find the terrace call “Crypta Balbi”) – must buy your tickets in advance at tel. 06 39967700 – Hours: Tues.-Sun. 9:00-7:45pm – closed Monday – Entrance fee:€4, reduced €2 – free entrance under 18 yrs. and above 65 yrs.
Via Lungara 10 – tel. 06 32810 (works from the Italian school during the 1600-1800’s: Tiepolo, Canaletto, Guercino, Giordano) – Hours: 9:00-2:00pm, Sundat 9:00-7:00pm – closed Monday – Entrance fee: €4
Piazza Apostoli 66 – tel. 06 6784350 (Italian paintings from the 17th and 18th century Bronzino, Poussin, Tintoretto, Lotto, Salviati. Guercino. Rubens, Reni, Carracci) – Hours: only by appointment – Saturday open to the public from 9:00-1:00pm – Entrance fee: €7, reduced rate: €5
COMUNAL GALLERY OF MODERN AND CONTEMPORARY ART
Via Reggio Emilia 54 – tel. 06 67107900 (works from the 19th and 20th centuries) – Hours: Tues.-Sat. 9:00-7:00pm: holidays 9:30-1:30pm – closed Mondays – Entrance fee: €5, reduced rate: €4
DORIA PAMPHILI GALLERY
Piazza del Collegio Romano 2 – tel. 06 6797323 (works from the 16th-18th century, Tiziano, Bronzino, Caravaggio, Carracci, Guercino, Algardi, Velasquez, Rubens, Bernini) – Hours: 10:00-5:00pm – closed Thursday – Entrance fee: €8, reduced rated: €5,70 – guides in both English, Italian and French
NATIONAL GALLERY OF MODERN AND CONTERMPORARY ART
Via delle Belle Arti 13 – tel. 06 322981 (works of Italian art from the 19th and 20th century) – Hours: Tues.-Sun. 8:30-7:30pm – Closed Mondays – Entrance fee: €6,50
NATIONAL GALLERY OF ANCIENT ART OF THE BARBERINI PALACE
Via Barberini 18 – tel. 06 32810 (works from the 13th-16th century, Piero di Cosimo, Lippi, Perugino, Bronzino, Tintoretto, Tiziano, Bassano, Caravaggio, Holbein, da Cortona) – Hours: Tues.-Sun. 9:00-7:00pm – closed Mondays – Entrance fee: €6, reduce rate: €3,53
Piazza del Campidoglio 1 – tel. 06 39967800 – Hours: Tues.-Sun. 9:00-8:00pm – closed Mondays – Entrance fee: 6,20, reduced rate: 4,20
Viale Vaticano – tel. 06 69883333 – Pio Clementino Museum, Chiaramonti Museum, New Braccio, Gregoriano Etrusco Museum, Gregoriano Egizio Museum (the largest collection of antiques in the world), Gallery of Arazzi and of the Geographical map, Raffaello’s Room, Niccolò the 5th’s chapel, Borgia apartments (Pinturicchio frescoes), Modern Religious Art Collection, Sistine Chapel, Sacred Museum, Pinacoteca Vaticana, Gregoriana Profano Museum, Ethnological Missionary Museum, Historical Museum – Hours: everyday 8:45-3:20pm – closed Sundays – Entrance fee: €10, reduced rate: €7
NATIONAL ROMAN MUSEUM
Largo di Villa Peretti 1 – tel. 06 39967700 (home the thermal baths of Diocleziano and the Collegio Massimo, it hold Greek, Roman and Christian art) - Hours: 9:00-7:00pm, Sundays 9:00-8:00pm – closed Mondays: Entrance fee: €6,19
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF VILLA GIULIA
Piazza di Villa Giulia 9 – tel. 06 3226571/06 6412312 (Etruscan culture and civilization, collections and gold by Castellani, Apollo di Veio ed Eracle; Sarcofago degli Sposi, ciste Ficoroni) – Hours: everyday 9:00-7:00pm – closed Mondays – Entrance fee: €4
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF PALAZZO VENEZIA
Via del Plebiscito 118 . tel. 06 69994212 (art from the middle-ages and the renaissance, gold, glass and ivory collections. Odescalchi collection of armour, collections painted by Solari, Lippi, Sodama, Giovanni da Milano, and Simone Martini) – Hours: Tues.-Sun. 8:30-7:30pm – closed Mondays – Entrance fee: €4, reduce rate €2L. PIGORINI NATIONAL MUSEUM OF PREHISTORY AND ETHNOGRAPHY
Piazza Marconi 14 – tel.
06 549521 (offers a detailed description of the stone ages, including
Australian and African ethnics)
Piazza Capo Ferro 3 – tel. 06 32810 (works from the 16th century: Reni Baciccia, Guercino, Domenichino, del Sarto, O. Gentileschi) - Hours: Tues.-Sun. 8:30-7:30pm – closed Monday – Entrance fee: €5, reduced rate: €2,50, free entrance under 18 years and over 60 years.
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